Romanian History and Culture

A Library of Knowledge from the Web. An Educational Website

Moldavia republic

 

Orheiul Vechi
Romanian Version
 The index of the early medieval archeological Monuments

 http://orhei.dnt.md/8/en.html

 

Scientific specifications about the archeological publications in the years 1950-1980s

Crucea de la ButuceniIn the 1950-80s n USSR various information were published about the archeological monument so on the territory of the MSSR. These indexes contain important scientific data, but there are plenty of errors deriving from the fact that the specialists used wrong methodological principles. From this point of view very meaningful is the archeological map of the SSRM from 8 books, edited between 1973-1975, where the international scientific rules were not taken into account. This fact caused a total chaos in the index of the archeological monuments in the MSSR. This chaos not only was not resolved but also was continuously publicized by the researchers even nowadays in specialty works.

Meaning what was said in the above article certain scientific specifications about the index of the medieval archeological monuments from the V-XIV centuries within a single administrative unit of the Republic of Moldova (Orhei district) are to be made. Starting from the fact that in the last issues the same site appears under different names or is separated in several distinct monuments, we reviewed the published data considering connecting them to one monument and a just appreciation of their name and identifying the cultural horizons within them.

We consider it is necessary to deny the old identification system of the medieval archeological monuments through the instrumentality of the figures (system which at a global level is used to identify the cultural layers from each site and not the site as a whole, as it was done in soviet archeology) and use in the process of naming the archeological monuments the system of toponyms or words deriving from the local character of places where these monuments are located. This system is widely recognized and used in the world practice.

Further on, the necessary specifications about the space limits of the archeological monuments were made. As a result it was determined that in many cases some sites emphasized earlier by archeologists, are in fact component parts of one monument. Hence, in such a case the list of the archeological monuments known from the last publications is considerably shorter.

Nowadays within the district of Orhei only 29 archeological monuments with medieval horizons dated with the V-XIV centuries are given and not 50 as we could conclude form the publications of the soviet archeologists. These monuments are represented as follows:

 

  1. Branesti - Valea Budai
  2. Branesti - Motca
  3. Braviceni - Movila de caramizi (Brick hillock)
  4. Bulaiesti - Cadub
  5. Ivancea - Cotul Iazului
  6. Ivancea - Fundul Vaii
  7. Ivancea - Livada
  8. Lopatna
  9. Lucaseuca - Cornul Blajiei
  10. Lucaseuca - Pecina
  11. Mana
  12. Marcauti
  13. Marzesti
  14. Orheiul Vechi - Butuceni
  15. Orheiul Vechi - Trebujeni
  16. Peresecina - Motca
  17. Pohorniceni - Petruha
  18. Pohrebeni - Suleni
  19. Seliste - Vatici
  20. Seliste - La rascruce (Crossroads)
  21. Seliste - Sat (Village)
  22. Seliste - Lutaria (Clay pit)
  23. Slobozia - Izvorul Cucului (Cuckoos Spring)
  24. Trebujeni - Fantana Joeei
  25. Trebujeni - Padurea Tiganca (Tiganca Forest)
  26. Trebujeni - Scoc
  27. Trebujeni - Selitra
  28. Trebujeni - Gura Selitrei
  29. Ustie - Cogalnic

BRANESTI - VALEA BUDAI
Early medieval settlement from the VI-VII, VIII-IX, X-XI, XII-XIII and the XIV centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: an establishment of the Band-Liniare culture from the V millenium BC, a Gaeto-Dacian settlement from the IV-III centuries BC, a Poienesti-Lucaseuca like settlement from the II-I centuries BC, a Santana de Mures-Cernjahov like settlement from the III-IV centuries AD (all of them are placed in the western part of the site) and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVII centuries in the northern and northeastern part of the site.
Location: the monument is located 0.5 km north from the Branesti village, in Valea Budai (Budai Valley), on the left bank on the western and northern part, partially on the southern bank of the Motca river (Ivancea), a right tributary of the Raut river, at 2.5 km southwest from their confluence place. Under the surface of the site, at few dozen meters, there are the catacombs of an old stone quarry. Today there a great wine deposit is arranged. In the same place the Motca River disappears under the ground in order to reappear over several km. The size of the archeological monument is 1.0x0.50 km. In he northern part it is placed on a slope with two smaller headlands oriented to the east, in the western part on the slope of the Budai Valley. In the southwestern part the monument bounds with the Branesti-Slobozia-Orhei highway and respectively with the bridge over the river. On the western end of the monument there is a country road - Branesti-Furceni. The traces of the early medieval settlement are abundant in the central and in the northeastern part of the monument. THE early medieval settlement spreads over a surface of 600x300 meters.
Discovery: In 1958 by the expedition of Gh.Fiodorov, which named it Branesti-I. Later, in specialty literature, some sectors of the monument were named in some other way, and treated as separated settlements: Branesti-I, Branesti-II, Branesti-III, Branesti-IV, Branesti-V and Branesti-X. In reality all these are inseparable parts of one archeological site. Archeological excavations: in 1958-1959 Gh.Fiodorov and P.Barnea performed excavations in the southern (Branesti-I), southeastern (Branesti -X) and in the northeastern (Branesti-III) sectors. In 1981 I. Vlasenko performed a survey (Branesti-III).
Materials: in the first sector a surface of 259 square meters was investigated and 4 deepened dwellings with stone kilns were discovered. These were dated with the VIII-IX and the IX-X centuries, an metallurgical furnace from the VIII-IX centuries, pottery form the VI-VII, VIII-IX, X-XII centuries, Golden Horde pottery from the XIV century and two copper coins of the Djanibek khan from the middle of the XIV century. In the second sector a surface of 192 square meters was uncovered. There were found: pottery from the VIII-IX, X-XI, and XII-XIII centuries. In the third sector a surface of 226 square meters was investigated. There were discovered: a kiln for burning dishes from the first half of the XIV century, pottery from the XII-XIV centuries. In 1962 M. Romanovskaia investigated an area of 84 square meters (Branesti II sector). In 1981 I Vlasenco researched a surface of 72 square meters (Branesti III sector) and discovered a dwelling from the VIII-IX centuries.


BRANESTI - MOTCA
Early medieval settlement from the V-VII, VIII-IX, X-XI, XII-XIII centuries, first half of the XIV century and a necropolises from the X-XI centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of the Gaeto-Dacian culture from the IV-III BC and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVI centuries.
Location: 0.1 km from the Branesti village, on the right bank of a stream. The settlement is located along the slope from the northeast to the southwest, on a surface of 600-700x150-200meters. The necropolis is on the western end of the site and at 500 meters southwest form the Branesti village on the left bank of the Motca River. The archeological traces from the V-IX centuries are concentrated mainly on the northeastern part of the site, and those from the X-XIII in the southwestern part. THE surface of the settlement to the southeast lies fallow, to the southwest there are Nut trees planted.
Discovery: in 1958 Gh.Fiodorov (the necropolis), in 1959 P.Bamea and I.Rafalovici (the settlement). Archeological excavations: the settlement was investigated by Gh.Fiodorov in 1962, I.Hancu in 1963 who uncovered a surface of 164 square meters and a dwelling from the X-XI centuries. Gh.Fiodorov researched the necropolis using excavations in 1962-1963. 3 cremations and 94 burials were discovered. The inventory of the graves is varied, formed mainly from metal jewelry pieces. The cemetery is from the X-XI centuries.


BRAVICENI - MOVILA DE CARAMIZI(Bricks hillock)
Funeral complex –Mausoleum, from the first half of the XIV century Golden Horde culture).
Location: 3.5 km east from the village, in the place called "Movila de caramizi" (Bricks hillock), at 0.2 km to the east from a very tall tour, at 0.5 km from the Orhei-Balti highway.
Discovery: Gh.D.Smirnov found the mausoleum in 1954.
Excavations: in 1956 P.Barnea and Gh.Cebotarenco researched the funeral complex. Two tombs with two graves in each were discovered.


BULAIESTI - CADUB
Early medieval settlement from the VI-IX centuries.
Location: 2.7km westwards from the Bulaiesti village, on the southern bank of the Cadub stream, at the western end of the forest. The settlement is spread from east to west along the stream.
Discovery: in 1983 by Al.Levinschi.
Materials: pieces of early medieval hand worked pottery from the VI-IX centuries.


IVANCEA - COTUL IAZULUI
Early medieval settlement from the VI-VII, VIII-IX and the X-XIII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: settlements of the Cucuteni-Tripolie type from the IV-III millenium BC, of Chisinau-Corlateni type from the XII-X centuries BC, of Basarabi-Soldanesti from the IX-VIII centuries BC, a settlement of Gaeto-Dacian culture from the IV-III centuries BC, a settlement of Poienesti-Lucaseuca type from the II-I century BC, of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the IV-III centuries and a late medieval settlement from the XVII-XVIII centuries.
Location: is found at 0.3km southeast from Ivancea, on the southern shore of a lake (where he makes a knot) formed from the valley of the stream Motca (Ivancea), Raut’s tributary. The settlement is placed along the bank of the lake and comprises three sectors. In specialty literature these are Ivancea II, Ivancea III, and Ivancea IV.
Discovery: in 1947 by Gh.Smirnov. Gh.Cebotarenco and P.Barnea visually researched it.
Excavations: in 1981 by I.Vlasenco.
Materials: 3 household pits from the VI-VII centuries, two deepened dwelling from the VIII-IX and from the X-XII centuries, early medieval pottery from the XII-XII centuries and other objects.


IVANCEA - FUNDUL VAII
Early medieval settlement from the x-XII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a Gaeto-Dacian settlement from the IV-III centuries BC.
Location: 1.3km north from Ivancea village, on the bottom of a valley of a left Motca tributary. The medieval settlement is placed on the western slope on the southern end of the forest. An orchard covers the surface of the settlement.
Discovery: in 1993.
Materials: early medieval pottery pieces processed on potter wheel from the X-XII centuries, of Petruha-Lucaseuca type.


IVANCEA - LIVADA
Medieval century from the XIV century.
Location: 2.5 km to the west from Ivancea village, on the left slope of the Motca rivulet, at 1.0 km east from the Chisinau-Orhei highway and at 50 meters to the south west from nearby well. On the surface of the settlement there is an orchard.
Discovery: in 1959 by P.Bamea and Gh.Cebotarenco.
Materials: “yellowish-reddish” pottery.


LOPATNA
Early medieval settlement from the V-VII, VIII-IX, and X-XII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries.
Location: at 1.1km southeast from the village, on the bank of Dniestre river. In the southern part the Lopatna-Jora De Sus highway crosses the settlement. The area of the settlement is of 800x500 meters. The thickness of the cultural layer is of about 1.20 meters. The surface lies fallow.
Discovery: in 1952 by Gh.Fiodorov.
Excavations: in 1953 Gh.Fiodorov investigated an area of 488 square meters. Buildings from the late Ancient Age and Early Middle Ages were found. Two furnaces to reduce iron ore from the VIII-IX centuries, several semi hovels from the V-IX centuries, hand processed pottery from the V-VII and VIII-IX centuries, pottery processed at the potter wheel from the X-XII centuries, a Byzantine coin from the Vi century and various inventory objects made of iron, bronze, glass, clay, etc. were also found.


LUCASEUCA - CORNUL BLAJIEI
Early medieval settlement from the VIII-XIV centuries, with a ground fortress from the X-XII centuries and isolated graves from the X-XII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of Chisinau-Corlateni type from the XII-X centuries BC, a settlement and a necropolis of the Poienesti-Lucaseuca type from the II-I centuries BC, a settlement of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVII centuries.
Location: at a distance of 2.0 km to the southeast from the Lucaseuca village, on the right slope of the Vatici river, inclined to the north west, in the place called Cornul Blajiei (Bajia’s Horn), where the forest is the closest to the highway, which is located to the northwest from the settlement. At the eastern end of the settlement there are the forest ward and a well. The settlement spreads along the south-north axis, on a distance of about 600 meters in length and about 200 meters in width. The forest covers the southern part of the settlement; the northern one and partially the eastern one is cultivated. IN the northern part of the settlement there is a ground fortress, dated with the X-XII centuries. THE fortress has an oval shape. THE diameter of the precincts is of about 80x60 meters. IT is fortified with a circular ground wall and a protection ditch. IN the 1950s the ground wall had 1.0-2.5 meters high and 5-8 meters wide. The ditch was 1.5-2.0 meters deep and 10-15 meters wide. IN the same period most of the settlement lied fallow, only to the east the wall and the ditch were leveled by a ploughland on a portion of 20-25 meters. In 1970s-80s the fortifications were very damaged by agricultural works, mainly from planting vineyards on the fortress.
Discovery: in 1950 by Gh.Fiodorov.
Excavations: 1950, 1953-1954, 1957 Gh. Fiodorov investigated the sector “Cetatuie”(Fortress). In 1957-1959, 1961 lon Hancu researched the unfortified part of the settlement at about 200 meters to the south form the fortress in the forest (Sector Lucaseuca V).
Materials: Gh.Fiodorov discovered different objects: hand processed ceramics from the VIII-IX centuries, and ceramics processed at the potter wheel from the X-XIII centuries. I.Hancu investigated a surface of 510 square meters, and found 19 buildings from the X-XIV centuries: 5 deepened dwellings supplied with stone kilns, a outbuildings, a clay kiln, a surface dwelling, a household pit, 9650 pottery pieces processed at the wheel, 58 objects and three human graves.


LUCASEUCA - PECINA
Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries and first half of the XIV century.
Other cultural horizons within the site: settlements of Poienesti-Lucaseuca type from the II-I centuries BC, of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type front the III-IV centuries and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVII centuries.
Location: at the distance of 1.0 km westwards from the Lucaseuca village in place called Pecina, on eastern (Lucaseuca I) and western (Lucaseuca II) banks of a right tributary of the Vatice river, at about 0.30 km to the south from the Orhei-Calarasi highway.
Discovery: in 1953 by E.Rikman. E.Rikman had performed archeological researches on the eastern part of the settlement in 1953, in the western part by Radu Vulpe, M.Romanovscaia and lon Hancu in 1957-1959. Early medieval ceramics processed at the potter wheel from the X-XII centuries and Golden Horde “yellow-red” pottery from the XIV century had been found


MANA
Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries and first half of the XIV century.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov, type from the III-IV centuries.
Location: 0.6 km east from the Mana village and 0.9 km to the west from the Lucaseuca-Cornul Blajiei fortress, at a distance of 0.1 km to the south from the Orhei-Calarasi highway, on the eastern and western slopes of a right stream of the Vatice river. The area has the size: 400x300 meters.
Discovery: in 1953 by Gh.Fiodorov.
Materials: early medieval ceramics pieces processed at the otter wheel from the X-XII centuries, iron slag, pieces of burned clay etc, Golden Horde “yellow-red” pottery from the Golden Horde “yellow-red” pottery from the XIV century.


MARCAUTI
Early medieval settlement from the VII-IX centuries.
Location: unspecified place, near Marcauti village. Noticed by V.Marchevici in 1953.


MARZESTI
Early medieval settlement from the VIII-IX and X-XII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of the Cucuteni – Tripolie type (IV-III millenium BC) and a settlement of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-I centuries BC.
Location: at a distance of 0.5 km to the west from the village and at 2.5 km from the bank of the Dniestre river, on a slope of a valley at the end of the village near the tractor brigade.
Discovery: in 1952 by the Gh. Fiodorov’s expedition.
Perigees: in 1981 V.Sorochin.
Materials: early medieval ceramics hand and potter wheel processed, decorated with wavy-horizontal incisions.


ORHEIUL VECHI - BUTUCENI
Early medieval settlement from the VI-VII, VIII-IX, X-XIV centuries, with a ground fortress from the XII-XIV centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement from the Bronze Age, an old Thracian settlement of the Chisinau-Corlateni culture from the XII-X centuries BC, a Gaeto-Dacian settlement of the culture Poienesti-Lucaseuca culture from the II-I centuries BC, the medieval city of Sehr al-Djedid from the XIV century, the medieval city of Orhei from the XV-XVII centuries.
ButuceniLocation: the early medieval settlement is a component part of the archeological complex of Old Orhei. The latter is located on the Pester headland, which is a winding segment formed by the sinusoidal Raut’s riverbed between the Trebujeni and Butuceni villages. The promontory has an irregular oval shape, oriented from west to east, with a length of about 2000 meters, and a maximal width of 700 meters. It is surrounded from three sides (north, east, and south) by Raut’s water placed in a deep canyon dug in Sarmathian calcareous layers, with steep sides up to 100-120 meters high, being, in such a way, a genuine natural fortress. The only access to the mentioned space is in the western part in a place where the riverbed makes a slow turn to the north, gets very close to a part of the already passed canyon narrowing greatly the bottom of the headland (up to 100meters in width), which thanks to its steep northern and southern cliffs represents the only connection with the interior of the mentioned territory. The northern part of the promontory is high, representing a steep and inaccessible top of a hill. From the east and south descends in slopes falling gradually in the meadow of the river, guarded from the same sides by the steep sides of the Butuceni headland, situated on the opposite bank of Raut. The early medieval settlement Old Orhei-Butuceni is located on the western part of the Pestere headland, in front of the cave monastery from Butuceni. It spreads from the eastern end of the headland on an area of about 350x250 meters. During the X-XIII in the superior part of the Pestere promontory a wooden and ground citadel was build. Its purpose was to shelter the locals in war times. THE fortress was formed of a ground wall with wooden palisade and an adjacent protection ditch. It had a semi-oval shape, whose fortified route linked through a segment two portions of the steep edges nearby the Raut.
Discovery: The early medieval settlement from the XII-XII centuries was noticed for the first time by Gh.Smirnov in the 1950s. Gh.Postica identified cultural horizons from the VI-XI centuries for the first time in 1983. Archeological Excavations: Gh.Smirnov 1952-1958; Gh.Postica, 1983; P.Barnea, 1986-1987; Gh.Postica, I.Hancu 1996-1998.
Materials: deepened dwelling provided with hearths and stone kilns, workshops for processing iron ore, metallurgical furnaces, household buildings, hand or wheel processed pottery, working tools, inventory objects, jewelry, etc, from the V-VII up to XII-XIV centuries .


ORHEIUL VECHI - TREBUJENI Early medieval settlement from the VI-VII, VIII-IX, X-XIV centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement from the Eneolitic, Cucuteni-Tripolie from the IV-III millenium BC, a Gaeto-Dacian settlement from the IV-III centuries BC, a late ancient settlement of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov culture from the III-IV centuries, the medieval city of Sehr ali-Djedid from the XIV century, the medieval city of Orhei from the XV-XVII centuries.
Location: The early medieval settlement is a component of the archeological complex of Old Orhei. It is situated on the eastern part of the Pester headland, nearby the bridge crossing the Raut by Trebujeni village at a distance of 1.0km from the Old Orhei-Butuceni settlement. Discovery: in 1996 by Gh. Postica.
Archeological survey: in 1997 by G.Bodareu within the expedition lead by Gh. Postica.
Materials: pieces of hand and wheel processed ceramics from the V/VII-XII/XIII centuries.


PERESECINA - MOTCA. Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries.
Location: at 1.3km northwest from the Peresecina village on the southern slope of the Motca river.
Discovery: in 1950 by Gh.Fiodorov.
Materials: pieces of early medieval pottery processed at the pottery wheel from the X-XII century.


POHORNICENI- PETRUHA
Early medieval settlement from the V-VII, VIII-IX, X-XI, XII-XIII and XIV centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: settlement of the Cucuteni-Tripolie culture from the IV-III millenium BC, of the ceramics with many ornaments culture from the XVII-XVI centuries BC, of the New Culture from the XIV-XII centuries BC, of the Chisinau-Corlateni culture from the XII-X centuries BC, of Basarabi-Soldanesti culture from the IX-VIII centuries BC, of the Gaeto-Dacian culture from the IV-III centuries BC, of the Poienesti-Lucaseuca culture from the II-I centuries BC, of the Santana de Mures-Cemjahov culture from the III-IV centuries and of the late medieval culture from the XV-XVII centuries.
Location: at a distance of 4 km to the south east from the Pohonuceni village or at 3.5 km to the southeast from Slobozia-Orhei, at the end of the forest in the place called Petruha. The settlement is located at the eastern and western edges of a deep narrow path oriented on the south north axis. The western part of the territory each year was ploughed, while the southern and the eastern part is covered with forests. At a distance of 0.4 km to the west from this settlement passes the road Slobozia-Branesti, and at a distance of 0.5 km to the west from the settlement the forest ward is located.
Discovery: in 1958 by L. Polevoi.
Archeological excavations were performed by I.Hancu, in 1961-1962 (376 square meters.), by Gh.Postica and V.Cavruc, in 1988 (860 square meters). 42 building from different eras were discovered, among which 25 belong to the early medieval period: V-VII centuries –2 dwellings, a kiln, two ditches, VIII-IX centuries –4 dwellings, 4 household pits, X-XII-5 dwellings, a kiln, 3 hearths, 3 furnaces to reduce iron ore and 2 household its. Pieces of hand processed pottery from the V-VII, VIII-IX centuries, processed at the potter wheel from the X-XIV centuries and various objects made of iron, bronze, silver, bone, burned clay, etc. were found.


POHREBENI - SULENI
Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries.
Location: to the north- northwest from Pohrebeni village in the place called Suleni, on the both slopes of a valley, a bit higher the two lakes. An orchard covers the surface of the settlement.
Discovery: in 1987 by O.Levitki.
Materials: pieces of ceramics processed at potter wheel from the X-XII centuries.


SELISTE - VATICI
Early medieval fortress and necropolis from the V-VII centuries, settlement and necropolis from the XII-XIV centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement from the Neolithic of Band-Liniare type from the V millenium BD, a necropolis of Basarabi-Soldanesti type from the IX-VIII centuries BC, a necropolis of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVII centuries.
Location: to the north-northwest from the Seliste village, at a distance of 0.5 km to the north- north west from the crossing of the Orhei-Calarasi highway with the road that leads to the cattle complex. The settlement is located on a headland with an orientation to the northwest – southeast from the left side of the Vatice river. THE southeastern part of the settlement was damaged during the straightening of the Vatici riverbed by the clay pit.
Discovery: in 1963 by V. Dergaciov.
Archeological Excavations: I. Rafalovici and V. Lapusnean in the years 1969-1970, 1972-1973.
Materials: 15 deepened dwellings, 4 graves (2 burials and 2 cremations), different objects and pottery from the V-VII centuries, a clay kiln and pottery from the XII-XIII centuries.


SELISTE - LA RASCRUCE (Crossroads)
Early medieval settlement from the V-VII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of the Chisinau-Corlateni type, from the XII-X centuries BC, and a settlement of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries.
Location: north from the Seliste village, at 50 meters to the north east from the fodder factory, to the north from the Orhei-Calarasi highway, opposite to the crossroads that leads to the village, in the meadow of the Vatice river, at about 0.3 km to the southeast from the Seliste-Vatici settlement, situated on the opposite side of the river. The settlement has an area of 150x100 meters.
Discovery: I.Rafalovici and V.Lapusnean in 1969.
Materials: early medieval hand worked pottery from the V-VII centuries.


SELISTE - SAT (Village)
Early medieval settlement from the V-VII, VIII-IX, X-XI centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of the Noua type from the XIV-XII centuries BC, a settlement of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries, and a late medieval settlement from the XVI-XVII centuries.
Location: on the northwestern end of the village, 0.1 km north from the Town Hall, on the northern slope of the plateau on the right side of Vatice river. In the western, northwestern and in the southern part on the settlement’s territory there are living buildings of the village. In rest, the territory of the settlement is cultivated. The area of the monument is of about 400x200 meters.
Discovery: in 1968 by V.Dergaciov.
Perigees: 1994, Gh.Postica and O.Levitki.
Materials: early medieval pottery pieces hand processed from the V-VII, VIII-IX centuries and ceramics processed at the potter wheel from the X-XI centuries.


SELISTE - LUTARIA (Clay Pit)
PanoramaEarly medieval settlement from the V-VII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a Gaeto-Dacian settlement from the IV-III centuries BC and a settlement of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries.
Location: at a distance of 0.4 km to the northeast from the Seliste village on the eastern slope of a valley oriented on the south-north axis and on top f the plateau, at about 0.3 km to the south from the Orhei-Calarasi highway. In 1994-1995 the territory of the settlement served as a clay pit for the construction of the road near Orhei. That is why the monument is nearly destroyed.
Discovery: in 1995 by Gh.Postica.
Materials: pieces of Gaeto-Dacian hand worked pottery, Roman amphorae, gray coarse pottery from the III-IV centuries and early medieval hand worked pottery from the V-VII centuries.


SLOBOZIA - IZVORUL CUCULUL
Early medieval settlement from the VIII-IX, X-XII centuries.
Location: at a distance of 1.70 km to the east from the northern end of the Slobozia place, nearby Orhei, on the bank of a right Raut stream, at about .20 km to the south from their linking place, in the place called “Izvorul Cucului”.
Discovery: in 1957 by Gh.Fiodorov expedition.
Materials: pieces of early medieval ceramics hand processed from the VIII-IX centuries, and processed with the potter wheel from the X-XII centuries.


TREBUJENI - FANTANA JOEEI
Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries, first half of the XIV century.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a Thracian settlement of Saharna-Solonceni type from the VIII-VII centuries BC, a Gaeto-Dacian settlement from the IV-III centuries BC, a settlement of Poienesti-Lucaseuca type from the II-I centuries BC, a settlement of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV and a late medieval settlement from the XVII centuries.
Location: at a distance of 2.50 km to the north from Trebujeni village, to the northeast from the Trebujeni-Susleni road, on a southwest oriented slope in the place called Fantana Joeei , at 1,0 km north-east from Raut. To the north the settlement is bounded with three wells, to the southeast with a valley. The length of the settlement is of about 0.4 km, the width of 0.15 km.
Discovery: in 1947 by Gh.Smirnov.
Archeological Excavations: 1954, V.Marchevici; 1959, P.Bamea; 1961, Gh.Cebo-tarenco and M.Romanovskaia.
Materials: pieces of early medieval ceramics processed with the potter wheel from the X-XII centuries, and Golden Horde “yellow-red” pottery XIV century .


TREBUJENI - PADUREA TIGANCA
Early medieval settlement from the VI-VII centuries.
Location: at the distance of 1.5 km to the north east from the southeast end of the Trebujeni village, in the place called “Padurea Tiganca”, in a valley from the southwestern part of the forest, on the right bank of a Raut tributary.
Discovery: in 1953, I.Rafalovici.
Materials: early medieval pieces of hand processed pottery from the VI-VII centuries.


TREBUJENI - SCOC
Early medieval settlement from the VI-VII, VIII-IX, X-XI centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of Gaeto-Dacian settlement from the IV-III centuries BC and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVI centuries.
Location: at 1.5 km to the north from Trebujeni village, on the right bank of Raut, at the foot of a woody plateau. The surface of the settlement is cultivated.
Discovery: in 1946 by Gh.Smirnov.
Archeological Excavations: 1950, 1953, 1955, Gh.Fiodorov, on a surface of 134 square meters, 1982-1988, N.Telnov on a surface of 9360 square meters.
Materials: 270 buildings from the VI-X centuries ; 65 dwellings, 2 outbuildings, 142 pits, 17 metallurgic furnaces, 41 clay kilns, early medieval ceramics wheel- r hand processed.


TREBUJENI - SELITRA
Early medieval settlement from the VIII-IX centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of the Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries, and a late medieval settlement from the XV-XVI centuries.
Location: at 4 km to the north- northwest from the Trebujeni village in the northern part of the place called Selitra, next to a lace created by the sources of the Draghinici stream, at 1.5 km to the north – north east from the its linking place with Raut, at the northeastern part of the forest and respectively at 0.5 km north east from the forester’s house. On the territory of the settlement there is a road. In 1950s-60s there was a poultry farm. The monument is on both banks of the stream. The early medieval traces, though, have only been noticed on the northwestern bank.
Discovery: in 1955 by Gh.Fiodorov.
Materials: early medieval pieces of hand worked pottery from the VIII-IX centuries.
Remark: Gh.Fiodorov divided the monument into three sectors naming them wrongly as three independents settlements: Selitra I, Selitra II and Selitra III.


TREBUJENI - GURA SELITREI
Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: an unfortified settlement of Gaeto-Dacian type from the IV-III centuries BC.
Location: at a distance of 1.5 km to the northwest from the Trebujeni village, on the right bank of Raut, at the bottom of the Gaeto-Dacian fortress Trebujeni-Potarca (V-II centuries BC), at the southern edge of the Selitra zone, at a distance of 1.3 km to the east- southeast from the Furceni village, in front of the Trebujeni-Selitra fortress from the opposite bank of Raut River.
Discovery and Excavations: in 1950 by Gh.Fiodorov; 1998, S.Musteata, Gh.Postica.
Materials: a metallurgic furnace , iron slag , early medieval ceramics processed at the potter wheel with horizontal- wavy incisions from the X-XII centuries.


USTIE - COGALNIC
Early medieval settlement from the X-XII centuries.
Other cultural horizons within the site: a settlement of Santana de Mures-Cernjahov type from the III-IV centuries.
Location: at 1.5 km to the south from the Ustie village (on Cogalnic river), at 0.5 km to the north from the intersection of the Orhei-Balti highway with the Cogalnic river, on the western bank to the south from the cattle farm.
Discovery: in 1956 by Gh.Fiodorov.
Materials: early medieval ceramics pieces processed at the potter wheel from the X-XII centuries.


Gh.Postica


 

 « previoushome pagenext » 
 Copyright © 1999-2000 Archaeological Research Center of the Republic of Moldova, ULIM
 Site designed by design.md;  Photo courtesy of ARCRM and Valeriu Corcimari

 

 

 

Add your main content here - text, photos, videos, addons, whatever you want!

Recent Videos

1082 views - 0 comments
1202 views - 0 comments
1406 views - 0 comments
1125 views - 0 comments

Webs Counter