Romanian History and Culture

A Library of Knowledge from the Web. An Educational Website

Romanian Cultural Websites and Publications

  Muzeul naţional de istorie al României-Bucharest

 This is the website of the National History Museum of Romania, a complex page which reflects the holdings and the activities of this institution based in Bucharest.

The section dedicated to the collections of the museum comprises subsection devoted to the historical period according to which they are organised: prehistory; lapidarium; a copy of Trajan's column; ancient history; the Middle Ages; modern and contemporary history; the treasure, where objects made of precious metals are kept in a specially protected vault; and numismatics.

Images with he most interesting and valuable items in these collections are posted on the site and can be viewed in large JPEG files. Museum staff is involved in research as well, and the site introduces the various archaeological sites and research projects conducted by the museum. The section on the publications holds online versions of books and doctoral theses, as well as the journals: "Cercetări numismatice", "Cercetări arheologice" and "Muzeul Naţional".

The temporary exhibitions and events are introduced on the site. This is a web page rich in information and a useful tool for anyone interested in prehistoric archaeology, medieval archaeology and Romanian history.
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  Nicolae Iorga Institute of History Bucharest

The website "Nicolae Iorga" Institute of History introduces the activities of this research institute based in Bucharest, Romania and belonging to the research structures of the Romanian Academy. The website is in English and has several sections: general presentation, research programmes, other scientific activities; documents and books (as publications). Under general presentation are included an introduction of the institute and its history, the staff and the library.

The journals and periodicals published by the institute: "Studii şi materiale de istorie medie", "Studii şi materiale de istorie modernă", "Studii şi materiale de istorie contemporană", "Revista istorică", and "Historical Yearbook" are also included under the general presentation.

There are four research programmes dealing with medieval-early modern, nineteenth century and contemporary history of Romania as well as the "Black Sea" project. The institute has a very strong publication history in editions of medieval documents ("Documenta Romaniae Historica" series B, Wallachia and "Székely Oklevéltár") and the series on the accounts of foreign travellers about the former Romanian principalities. The site lists all the publications of the institute under the relevant heading.

Other scientific activities include international collaborations, research centres based at the Nicolae Iorga institute and guidance of doctoral theses. The site is very basic in its design and structure, and the language is sometimes idiosyncratic, however it introduces one of the leading research institutes in Romanian history so it is of interest to anyone dealing with South-Eastern Europe.
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The National Museum of Art of Romania hosts three art galleries and has a short, but impressive royal past. The European Art Gallery, the Romanian Medieval Art Gallery and the Romanian Modern Art Gallery bring together art works exhibited in an attractive, modern manner, thus turning a visit to the museum into an enjoyable and instructive way of spending time.  



Whatever others may feel, we feel at home in our Museum. We feel good here, we like to look around the rooms with painted walls, full of beautiful, surprising or simply familiar objects. We feel closer to our parents and know there are stories here to share with our children. Working together everyday, we sometimes feel like a big family. Do you hesitate to believe us? Come to the Peasant Museum and see for yourself… 


 Muzeul National al Satului "Dimitrie Gusti" BUCURESTI



Reteaua Nationala a Muzeelor din Romania



Aleea Alexandru nr. 38, 011824 Bucuresti, România
Tel.: (+4) 031 71 00 627, (+4) 031 71 00 606
Fax: (+4) 031 71 00 607 E-mail:

cIMeC - Institutul de Memorie Culturală
Poarta către patrimoniul cultural românesc

The Romanian Institute of Thrachology

No.1 Schitu Magureanu Street, sector 5, 70626 Bucharest, Romania. The Director is Mr. Petre Roman and the fax No. is 0040 1 3120322.  You can also contact Prof.Dr. Mihai Zahariade or Daniela Surubariu

Other possible Romanian contacts are: George Alexe ( who lives in Detroit) or

Dr Mark Tkachuk or the Rudi-Maetonium

Consiliul Naţional al Audiovizualului Bucharest

Consiliul Naţional al Audiovizualului este garant al interesului public şi unică autoritate de reglementare în domeniul programelor audiovizuale.

Misiunea CNA este de a asigura un climat bazat pe libera exprimare şi responsabilitatea faţă de public în domeniul audiovizualului.


International Festival and Competition George Enescu


Institutul naţional al monumentelor istorice, Bucharest

The site of the Institutul Naţional al Monumentelor Istorice reflects the activities of this institution in charge with protecting and restoring historic monuments on the territory of Romania.

The site has only a Romanian version. It presents the staff and research project, the legislation and an electronic interactive map with the protected and listed sites, which does not work too well.

A full list of all national heritage monuments can be searched on the site according to the county where they are.

The monuments present on the UNESCO World Heritage list are introduced in detail and good photographs are offered.These include Dacian fortresses; the painted churches in Moldavia; the Saxon fortified churches in Transylvania; the Danube Delta; the historic centre of Sighişoara; the monastery of Horezu; and the wooden churches in Maramureş.

The European heritage lists four monuments from Romania, including the architectural assembly of modern architecture by Constantin Brâncuşi (Brancusi) in Tg. Jiu.

The institute publishes the reviews: "Revista Monumentelor Istorice" and "Revista muzeelor şi monumentelor - Monumente istorice şi de artă" and two bulletins: "Buletinul Monumentelor Istorice" and "Buletinul Comisiei Monumentelor Istorice". Some of the tables of contents are posted on the site.
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 Patzinakia : the Romanian group for an alternative history

 "Patzinakia" (the land of Petchenegues) is a website maintained by a group of young researchers and historians, with the aim to provide a meeting place for discussions and publications, with no formal association behind it.

The site focuses mainly on the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period, in European and Romanian history. A strong feature of the site consists in the online publications: several books and the "Studia Patzinakia" review, which can be downloaded and read free of charge in PDF or HTML format.

There are sections dedicated to medieval monuments, where each site of interest has a presentation and a briefing, with many photographs and reference sources. A list of medieval documents and inscriptions in various languages is posted on the site.

A special section is devoted to the Basarabi-Murfatlar caves, an impressive early medieval complex of caves carved in a chalk hill.

The site hosts the presentation volume of the international conference on Sigismund of Luxemburg, held in Oradea in 2007; it can be also downloaded free of charge in PDF format. The news and discussions on the site are offered in English and Romanian but the research articles and the main contents of the site are in English.

This is a very beautifully designed web page, with useful information and rich materials for anyone interested in medieval studies. 

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Cultural news (Romanian only) at: Portal de Arte si Carte:


The National Museum of Eastern Carpathians

opened its doors to the public, in a new and welcoming building, in 2006. Meanwhile, since 1996, the museum focused on gathering and preserving all items of cultural heritage in South-Eastern Transylvania.

The historical, archaeological and ethnographic patrimony of the museum rises above 16.000 items today. If in the past the researches focused mostly on finding and preserving material heritage, today the focus lies upon preserving both material and immaterial evidence related to the cultural background of the area.

The museum has two branches, the “Muzeul Oltului şi Mureşului Superior - Upper Olt and Mureş Museum” branch found in Miercurea- Ciuc, Harghita County, and the “Romulus Cioflec” Memorial House, found in Araci village, Covasna County. A third branch in being restored in the present, the first Romanian School from Sf. Gheorghe.

The museum organized many researches and exhibitions, both by itself and in collaboration with other Romanian or foreign institutions. The most important archaeological researches took place at Covasna “Cetatea Zânelor” (Dacian fortress), Ciuc-Ciomortan Păuleni “Dâmbul Cetăţii” and at the Figa archaeological site from Bistriţa Năsăud County.

The ethnographical researches conducted so far covered several counties, such as Covasna, Harghita, Braşov, Bistriţa Năsăud and Bacău.

Due to the fact that the rooms for hosting exhibitions are quite small the museum focuses on organizing temporary exhibitions, thus ensuring a continuous diversity of the cultural products of the area, the themes being always different, innovative and very captivating for the general public.

The most important exhibitions: The “Costişa” Culture; New Archaeological Discoveries in South – Eastern Transylvania; The Salt, the Man and the Time; The Story of the Fair; The Dacians in the Carpathian Curvature.

Although the museum focuses on finding, preserving and promoting the Romanian cultural heritage of the area, through its activities and events it also promotes intercultural dialogue, thus encouraging the younger generations, urging them to take part in such cultural events that include all aspects of cultural heritage found in the area, without separating these based on an ethnic criteria.

Among its many publications the “Angustia” Journal stands out. It presents the most recent results of the researches conducted in south-eastern Transylvania.

The National Museum of Eastern Carpathians warmly invites everyone to visit its newest exhibitions: “The Dacians in the Carpathian Curvature” – at Sfântu Gheorghe, Covasna County “The Fair’s Story” - at Miercurea – Ciuc, Harghita County The “Romulus Cioflec” Memorial House from Araci, Covasna County
 Gabor Aron street, no 16, code 520008, Sfantu Gheorghe, Covasna County, Romania
Phone: 0267 - 314139
Fax: 0267 - 314139
web: ;


 Al III-lea Congres International de Dacologie "Nicolae Densusianu 2002".

Online Romanian directories at the Library of Congress

This page on the Library of Congress website contains the digitized versions of Romanian directories from 1923-4, 1937, 1938, 1958, and 1959. The site has detailed descriptions of each directory.

The 1923-1924 is an annual directory for the entire greater Romania, and it is the first document of this type. It has two volumes covering the capital city Bucharest and the "province", that is the rest of the country. Finding aids and guide for both volumes are linked on the site.

This particular directory is also available on the Search Engine for Online Historical Directories. The next directory, 1937, is the earliest volume of this kind held by the LOC for Bucharest and its environs.

The 1958 directory is a national one while the 1959 is another Bucharest volume. The digitised pages can be viewed in "page-turner" display or in PDF formats.
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Patrimoniul Istorico-Cultural al Republicii Moldova

necropolis at Olteni 


Centrul istoric al Chişinăului

 The website 'Centrul istoric al Chişinăului' (Historical centre of Chişinău) is an online database with the houses and monuments in downtown Chişinău (Kishinev), capital of Moldova. It is a project based on the records of local and national monuments, which catalogues 977 buildings.

The database can be approached either by the streets of the city listed alphabetically and with the number of buildings included, or by using the hyperlinked map of the town. The map is viewed by sections which cover several blocks, with the monuments highlighted in red.

By clicking on a monument, a full description of it with photographs and architectural plans opens. Buildings included in the database are historical houses; churches; public buildings; and monuments.

The site also has a picture gallery with old postcards and photographs of Chişinău. This project indirectly reflects also the troubled past of Chişinău and the multiethnic composition of its population.

It is a very useful resource for historians and art historians. The site is well designed and information is reliable and rich


 Cetăţile dacice din munţii Orăştiei


This website is a presentation of the Dacian fortresses from Transylvania, a project funded by the National Institute for Historical Monuments in Bucharest.

The general overview of the project is a broken link, but the descriptions of the seven fortresses are complete and very useful. These were all built between 1st century BCE and 1st century CE.

The most important was the one in Sarmisegetuza; it was the capital of the Dacian state and a civilian settlement as well but is mostly famous for its sanctuaries.

Each fortress has a generous overview, an album of photographs, a map with its localisation, a plan and aerial photographs. The photo album offers a variety of viewing options, with zooms, slide shows.

This is a useful site for those interested in the pre-Roman history and archaeology of South-Eastern Europe.


 "" is the "website of Romanian medievalists", although it has no formal association behind it. The aim of this Web page is to provide a meeting place for medievalists where current concerns but also research interests and news can be exchanged.

There are several sections: history; archaeology; art; monuments; auxiliary sciences; and a forum. Each section contains research studies and discussion essays. The site has become very popular among Romanian scholars so there are constant updates and new materials to be read. One of the most exciting texts are the book reviews.

New publications and books are also advertised on the site. There is a stronger focus on Transylvanian history, archaeology and monuments, mainly because there is a stronger participation of academics and scholars teaching and working in Transylvanian universities and institutes.

A forum is also present on the site, with the same sections as the site. This is a very useful and lively page for those interested in Central European medieval history, which reflects the current research interests of Romanian medievalists.
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National Museum of History, Sofia

The website of "The National Museum of History, Sofia" is in Bulgarian and English and provides information on over 650,000 exhibits in its holdings, making it one of the largest history museums on or in the Balkans.

Access details, opening hours, and contact information are all available and there is a very useful events calendar, for those planning to visit the musuem.

The online tour takes the user round a selection of exhibits but requires flash player. This tour enables the user to see treasures such as the mitre of the Ochrid archbishops, dating from the late seventeenth century, icons, and wonderful pieces of art wrought in gold and jewel-encrusted.

The museum traces many periods of Bulgarian history including: prehistoric cultures; Ancient Thrace; the Roman Empire; the Byzantine Empire; the Bulgarian Kingdoms; Ottoman rule; and modern Bulgarian history.

The site also introduces the branches of the museum, including the famous Boyana church and numerous other medieval churches around the country. This is a wonderfully rich site for anyone interested in Balkan, Bulgarian and European history.
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 Romania - a beautiful land, with enchanted places, wonderful landscapes and straightforward friendly people.

Discover Romania: a place full of promises!  

 Institutul de cercetări socio-umane Sibiu

 The website of the Institutul de cercetări socio-umane Sibiu, Romania (ICSU) introduces the activities of this research institute. The site is in Romanian with incomplete English and German versions.

Founded in 1956 as a research centre for the history and culture of the Germans in Romania, it had as a main task the publication of a dictionary of the Saxon dialects in Transylvania, which had begun before World War II.

Over time the institute has extended its scope and interests, running projects in history; medieval archaeology, urban studies; and etnology. It publishes four reviews: "Forschungen zur Volks- und Landeskunde", "Historia Urbana", "Anuarul Institutului de cercetări socio-umane Sibiu" and "Studii &#x015Fi comunicări de etnologie".

Another major research project coordinated by ICSU is the "Historical atlas of Romanian towns", and the tables of contents of the volumes published so far can be read online in PDF format.

The site presents the conferences organised by the institute, partnerships and research grants. The newsletters of the Commission for the History of Towns and of the Institute itself are available online as PDF files.
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The website of the Institutul de cercetări socio-umane Sibiu, Romania (ICSU) introduces the activities of this research institute.

The site is in Romanian with incomplete English and German versions. Founded in 1956 as a research centre for the history and culture of the Germans in Romania, it had as a main task the publication of a dictionary of the Saxon dialects in Transylvania, which had begun before World War II.

Over time the institute has extended its scope and interests, running projects in history; medieval archaeology, urban studies; and etnology. It publishes four reviews: "Forschungen zur Volks- und Landeskunde", "Historia Urbana", "Anuarul Institutului de cercetări socio-umane Sibiu" and "Studii &#x015Fi comunicări de etnologie".

Another major research project coordinated by ICSU is the "Historical atlas of Romanian towns", and the tables of contents of the volumes published so far can be read online in PDF format. The site presents the conferences organised by the institute, partnerships and research grants. The newsletters of the Commission for the History of Towns and of the Institute itself are available online as PDF files.
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Institutul de investigare a crimelor comunismului în România

The website of the Institute for the investigation of communist crimes in Romania (IICCR) introduces the research activities and the functioning of this recent institution based in Bucharest.

The institute was founded in 2006, when the debates about a formal condemnation of communism were still going on in Romanian intellectual circles.

Its aims are to undertake research on the communist system with a focus on data and material on its oppression mechanisms but also to initiate educational programmes and projects to keep the memory of this recent past alive in younger generations.

The site describes the projects involving TV documentaries and special investigations, organising memorial museums on site of former detention camps and prisons. Current research projects conducted by historians are presented in detail on the site in HTML and PDF formats.

The section dedicated to events holds information on book releases, congresses and public lectures and exhibitions. Publications of the institute are listed online and can be ordered via the site.

The archives and library section holds crucial documents, some of which are made available on the site, such as official and political documents from the Romanian totalitarian structures (Militia, nomenklatura) but also fragments of TV and radio broadcast programmes. Those interested can sign up for the institute's newsletter.
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Caietele revoluţiei

The website "Caietele revoluţiei" contains the online version of this publication dedicated to the Romanian Revolution of December 1989 and published by the Institutul Revoluţiei Române din decembrie 1989 (Institute of the Romanian Revolution of December 1989).

All issues published on paper beginning with 2005 are available on the web page. Issues can only be consulted integrally, individual articles cannot be accessed separately.

By clicking on the cover of an issue it opens as a large PDF file. "Caietele revoluţiei" publishes documents and essays related to the events surrounding the fall of communism in Romania and the end of the Ceauşescu dictatorial regime.

It is a rich source of oral history and personal memories of official "heroes of the revolution" or of common people who took part in crucial moments during the events in Timişoara and Bucharest in December 1989.

There is a certain commemorative and patriotic tone to the review but this does not diminish its documentary value. There is hardly any information about the review itself or for guidelines for authors for submissions of articles on the website.
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INMER este un organism al statului roman, care isi propune sa recupereze si sa studieze documentele raspandite in lume, pentru a infatisa un segment de istorie romaneasca amenintat, in scurt timp, de uitare, prin pierderea celor mai importanti martori si marturii.

Exilul romanesc postbelic este recunoscut drept un reprezentant al traditiilor democratice, fiind purtatorul unor valori si idealuri ce nu se mai puteau exprima in tara.

INMER se afla sub Inaltul Patronaj al Majestatii Sale Regele Mihai I si beneficiaza de indrumarea unui Consiliu de Garantie Morala compus din 26 de membri de vaza ai Exilului romanesc si a unui Consiliu Stiintific alcatuit din cercetatori respectati din domeniul istoriei, psihologiei, sociologiei si filozofiei.

Institutul naţional pentru studierea Holocaustului din România

The website 'Elie Wiesel' National Institute for the Study of Holocaust in Romania (INSHR) reflects the activities of this research institute founded in 2005 in Bucharest, Romania. The website is in Romanian with a good but incomplete English version.

The site presents the aims of the institute of collecting information about the Holocaust but also of disseminating the research results by creating learning materials for teaching.

The section on publications introduce the monographs and testimonial books edited by the staff of the institute, some of which are available in full text in Romanian and French, while the tables of contents and forewords of most of them can be consulted in English.

The section dedicated to documents holds several testimonies of Holocaust survivors or deported Jews, but they are only available on the Romanian version of the site. An opinion survey about the perception of Holocaust and ethnic minorities in Romania, carried out in 2007, can be downloaded in PPT format.

The site also gives details about events and news. For survivors of the Holocaust or their relatives a registration form is posted on the site. Also a list with the names of persons awarded with the 'Righteous Among the Nations' by the Yad Vashem is published on the site.

They appear individually or as a family, with a very brief biography. One of the most crucial resources of the site is the 'Wiesel Report', which provides an authoritative overview of the Holocaust in Romania.

It was written under the supervision of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania and published in 2004.

The report covers in its impressive 416 pages chapters such as: the events in Romanian history leading to the Holocaust; the Romanian-German relations; the anti-Semitic propaganda and communism; the anti-Semitic legislation of Ion Antonescu and the Iron Guard; deportations of Roma to Transnistria; Holocaust in Northern Transylvania; the aftermath of WWII and minimisation of Holocaust; and recommendations and findings.

This website is a great resource for Jewish studies and the Holocaust.
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Consiliul naţional pentru studierea arhivelor Securităţii


 The website "Consiliul naţional pentru studierea arhivelor Securităţi" (CNSAS) introduces this public institution created to manage the records of the former secret police of the communist regime in Romania.

The website details the aims and mission of CNSAS and presents the legal framework within which the research and disclosure of records is conducted. The English version of the site is incomplete compared to the Romanian page'

The archives of the former Securitate are described on the site, together with a glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the Securitate documents.

The full index of all the archival funds is posted on the site in a large PDF file. Similarly, a PDF file contains the catalogue of the books found in the library of the Securitate.

The sections dedicated to the victims of communist oppresion and to the instruments and methods of terror are still under construction. Interested researchers can download the request forms for research acreditations and learn about the documents required in order to obtain it.

Further information about the council, its members and news are available on the site.
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